Research & Review: Management of Emergency and Trauma Nursing (e-ISSN: 2582-0494) <p><strong>RRMETN</strong> is a peer reviewed Journal in the discipline of Nursing published by the MAT Journals Pvt. Ltd. It intends to publish Research Articles/ Review Articles/ Case studies/ Short Communication articles related to Emergency Care and Management. The Journal provides a platform to Researchers, Academicians, Scholars, Professionals and students to publish their academic and research work. The Journal believes in ensuring quality content publication in Emergency Medicine and Surgery Emergency Nursing and practice care, Paediatric emergencies, Clinical Ethics of Emergency care, Physiology for Emergency care, Cardiovascular Emergencies, Pandemics and Environmental Emergencies, Respiratory Emergencies, Organ and tissue Donation, Trauma and Shock</p> en-US Research & Review: Management of Emergency and Trauma Nursing (e-ISSN: 2582-0494) Shock Index and Associated Factors in Trauma Patients Admitted at a Referral Hospital in Harare, Zimbabwe <p>Background- Trauma causes significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. It impacts physically, economically, and socially on individuals, communities, and countries at large. Purpose- To examine association between shock index (SI) and clinical outcomes in trauma patients. Methods- A retrospective descriptive analytical study conducted on a random sample of 120 records of trauma patients. A clinical audit form was used. Data were analysed using SPSS VS 20. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse demographic data, vital signs, causes of injury, and clinical outcomes of trauma while Chi-square was used for associations between shock index and demographic variables and causes of injury. Logistic regression was done to examine the association between SI and clinical outcomes of trauma. Results- Mean age of participants was 39.64 years.&nbsp; Prevalence of abnormal shock index was 41.67%. Only demographic data and place of residence were associated with abnormal shock index (p&gt;0.05). SI was significantly associated with haemorrhage ((p&gt;0.009), OR-, 0.26, confidence interval (CI)- 0.012-0.58) and shock ((p&gt;0.0127, OR-0.27, CI-(0.10-0.76)). Conclusion- Prevalence of abnormal SI was high. It is an easy-to-use tool that is very efficient in emergencies to predict need for aggressive resuscitative therapy and to determine prognosis</p> Doreen Mukona Cecilia Mukahanana Mathilda Zvinavashe Copyright (c) 2022 Research & Review: Management of Emergency and Trauma Nursing (e-ISSN: 2582-0494) 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 1 11 To Assess the Knowledge on Gastro Intestinal Bleeding Among Nursing Students and Faculty in Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences <p>Acute Gastrointestinal Bleeding is a very common medical emergency with a hospital mortality of approximately 10 percent. Higher mortality rate is associated with re-bleeding. Rockall scoring system identifies patients at higher risk of rebleed and mortality. The present study was aimed to assess the Knowledge on gastrointestinal bleeding among student nurses and nursing faculty in college of nursing at Pondicherry Institute of Medical Science’’. 88 Participants were selected by simple random sampling. Among 88 participants level of knowledge in pre-test 3 % have mild knowledge, 24% had moderate knowledge and 73% had adequate knowledge. level of knowledge in post-test 2.3 % have mild knowledge, 5.4% had moderate knowledge and 92.3% had adequate knowledge. Level of knowledge is increase from pre-test to post-test. It shows that the lecture is effective. difference between the pre test score and post test score is 1.11 which shows that it is statistically significant at p&lt;0.001. The current study recommended that they have to be educated about the gastrointestinal bleeding.</p> Rajalakshmi. R Malarvi Zhi. S Mony K Copyright (c) 2022 Research & Review: Management of Emergency and Trauma Nursing (e-ISSN: 2582-0494) 2022-06-06 2022-06-06 12 15 Effectiveness of Breathing Exercise on Pulse Rate and Blood Pressure Among Hypertensive Patients <p>Objectives: To assess pulse and blood pressure before teaching breathing exercise, To assess the effectiveness of breathing exercise on the pulse rate and blood pressure among hypertensive patients and to find out the association of the study findings with selected demographic variables. Hypotheses: H1: There will be significant effect of breathing exercise on pulse rate and blood pressure of hypertensive patients. H2: There will be significant association between pulse rate and blood pressure selected demographic variable. Assumptions: The study assumes that Breathing exercise may have some effect on pulse rate and blood pressure, breathing exercise relaxes mind and body, Patient medication may have some effect on the pulse rate and blood pressure. Conceptual Framework: The framework is brief explanation of the theory or those portions of theory that are to be tested in a quantitative study. It helps to organize the study and provides a context for the interpretation of study results, The conceptual framework adopted in this study is based on the General systems theory. It explains the various parts of a system have functional as well as structural relationship between each other Conclusion: With the above findings it is clear that the Breathing exercises were found to be significantly effective in improving the systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and pulse rate of hypertensive patients. Analysis of data showed that there was significant difference between experimental group value and control group value.</p> Anand Dixit Copyright (c) 2022 Research & Review: Management of Emergency and Trauma Nursing (e-ISSN: 2582-0494) 2022-07-15 2022-07-15 16 26 Effectiveness of Plain Ice Cubes Verses Flavoured Ice Cubes on the Prevention of Oral Mucositis Among School Going and Adolescent Patients Receiving Chemotherapy in Oncology Unit of Selected Hospitals, Bhubaneswar, Odisha <p>The present study is a humble attempt “to evaluate the Comparison of Plain ice cubes verses flavoured ice cubes on the prevention of oral mucositis among school going and adolescent patients receiving chemotherapy in oncology unit of selected hospitals, Bhubaneswar, Odisha”. Purposive non probability sampling technique was used to select the sample for the study. The sample size was 40. The data was collected, analyzed &amp; interpreted in terms of the objectives. Descriptive &amp; inferential statistics were utilized for the analysis of the data. The level of significance set for testing the hypothesis was 0.05 using `t` test &amp; chi square test. Findings conclude that the flavoured ice cubes are more effective than Plain ice cubes in reduction of oral mucositis the patient receiving chemotherapy.</p> Lopamudra Mishra Copyright (c) 2022 Research & Review: Management of Emergency and Trauma Nursing (e-ISSN: 2582-0494) 2022-08-08 2022-08-08 27 34 A Study to Assess the Impact of Online Mode of Education on the Learning of B. Sc. Nursing Students of Kashmir <p>Due to the emergence of COVID-19, all the educational institutions were shut globally and the mode of teaching and learning changed from in person classroom mode to online mode of education by using different virtual interfaces of internet. The objective of this study is to review the impact of online education on the learning of B. Sc nursing students of two nursing colleges of Kashmir. 60 students from two nursing colleges of Kashmir were selected using a purposive sampling technique. A web-based questionnaire was used for data collection. The connection of online instruction with creativity among understudies, inspiration of understudies towards learning, and execution of understudies was assessed. Results recommended that some significant endeavors should be made to keep on further developing on the web innovation that cultivates dynamic learning openings for understudies through online training. It is prescribed to have better distance learning climate or top of the line online study halls that can detect a student's inspiration even out and react adaptively.</p> Syed Shahid Siraj Syed Arifa Copyright (c) 2022 Research & Review: Management of Emergency and Trauma Nursing (e-ISSN: 2582-0494) 2022-08-18 2022-08-18 35 44